Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. 1 Morphology; 2 Traditional uses; 3 Chemical constituents; 4 References Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari; ^ Kottakkal, [ edited by]. Hemidesmus indicus Medicinal Rating, *. Habit, Climber. Height, m. Cultivation Status, Cultivated, Wild. Cultivation Details. Not known. Edible Uses. Sariva is known as Indian Sarsaparilla – Hemidesmus indicus. In Ayurveda system of Medicinal uses of Hemidesmus indicus – Kushtahara.

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Protective effect of H. This page was last edited on 9 Novemberat Two new pregnane glycosides, designated indicine and hemidine have been isolated from the dried stems of H.

It also had immunomodulatory and immunosuppressant activities.

Hemidesmus indicus: A Rich Source of Herbal Medicine | OMICS International

Modulation of biochemical parameters by Hemidesmus indicus in cumene hydroperoxide-induced murine skin: Anantamula, sariva, naga jihva, gopakanya; Tam.: Pistil is bicarpellary, with free ovaries, many ovuled with distinct styles. The root extract demonstrated inhibitory activity against Mycobacterium leprae Gupta, and keratinophilic fungi Qureshi et al.

Ether extract of the root exerts hemidesmis inhibitory effect on the growth of Escherichia coli.

Asclepiadaceae Triterpenoids from the roots of Hemidesmus indicus R. Antimicrobial studies on essential oils of Medicihal. The plant shows opposite decussate phyllotaxy, gamopetalous aestivation and cymose inflorescence.

Anoop, A and M. Patnaik and Debata have reported micropropagation of H. Tissue Culture Malathy and Pai have reported the in vitro propagation of H. Ethnobotanical uses of H. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup.


Enhancement in the absorption of water and electrolytes from rat intestine by water extract of roots of H. Clinical medicines however use many plant-derived metabolites in pharmaceutical drugs, for example- opium, aspirin, digitalis, quinine etc; but scope of using herbal medicine is more extended as it hemidesmuss of many more unexplored herbs, minerals, fungal and algal products.

The future medicinal system solely depends on alternative medicine, specifically plant-derived herbal medicines; as it is usez toxic and having fewer side effects. Hemidesmus indicus is used to make beverages and also used in traditional medicine. Roots are woody and aromatic. Biochemical studies on the anti-ulcerogenic potential of Hemidesmus indicus R.

An organic acid isolated from root extract possesses viper venum inhibitory activity Alam et al. Retrieved from ” https: These roots were cultured in the dark for 30 days in the medium of Gamborg et al.

Antimicrobial studies on essential oil of Hemidesmus indicus R. Indian Journal of Pharmacology Seeds were likely to be used as herbal medicines; have been found in archaeological sites of Inicus Age China of Shang Dynasty [ 3 ]. Moreover, it significantly enhanced antitumor activity of three commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs- methotrexate, 6-thioguanine, cytarabine [ 7 ].

Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala. Jain and Singh and Kothari and Moorthy have reported the use of this plant by tribes of Ambikapur district, Madhya Pradesh and Raigard district in Meicinal respectively. It also contains new coumarino-lignoid-hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II50, six pentacyclic triterpenes including two oleanenesand three ursenes.


Anatomy Transverse section of the fresh root is circular with a fairly regular outline. Indian Journal of Leprosy Indifus of Indian Ethnopharmacology, India pp: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

It shows a slightly compact porous strand of wood at the centre enveloped by a massive cream coloured starchy tissue and a peripheral strip of light reddish brown rind Aiyer, ; Sharma et al. Two novel pregnane glycosides, namely hemidescine and emidine, were isolated from the dried stem of H. Morphology The stems and branches which twine anticlockwise are profusely laticiferous, elongate, narrow, terete and wiry of a deep purple or purplish brown colour with the surface slightly ridged at the nodes.

Chloroform extract of H. A Rich Source of Herbal Medicine. Evaluation of its Nootropic effect in mice. In vitro evaluation of inhibitory nature of extracts of H.

Hemidesmus indicus

Antioxidant and antihepatotoxic activities of Hemidesmus indicus R. Antimicrobial and phytochemical studies on 45 Indian medicinal plants against multi-drug resistant human pathogens. In traditional systems of medicine, the drugs are primarily dispensed as water or ethanolic extract.