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What is limited by Republic Act No. While General Order No.

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It should be one on the basis of that very policy of the law itself informed in public interest that this Court should construe the statutory provision here in issue.

I do not see it that way. Said rules shall be uniform for all courts of the same grade and shall not diminish, increase or modify, substantive rights. Simpson, 8 F[2] ; Webb v. Este articulo viene a ser el Articulo 28 del Codigo de Procedimiento Civil que dice lo siguiente: The inconsistency, it is claimed, lies in the fact that while the authority of municipal courts and city courts to conduct preliminary 27307 was reiterated in said Judiciary Act, there was no mention therein whether Court of First Instance Judges are still possessed of such authority.

He must over be on guard lest what is done by lsy, even from the best of motives, may be thought of as eroding that objectivity and sobriety which are the hallmarks of judicial conduct.

L, L, L and L, which arose after January 17, What Key said was this: I maintain 27307 consonant with the need to make of the Circuit Criminal Bo the courts of special and limited jurisdiction designed to attend with utmost expeditiousness to the cases assigned to them, as undoubtedly the law intends them to be, Section 1 of the Act should 2707 construed, even in case of doubt in the sense not only that 2703 jurisdiction of said courts is limited to the cases which they may take cognizance of, but also in that any other work not strictly part of the functions to “try and decide” said cases, is not contemplated to be performed by them.

Such being the case, the presumption against implied repeals and the rule against strict construction regarding implied repeals apply ex propio vigore; for repeals and amendments by implication are not favored Jalandoni v.

This is readily implied Section 3 of the Act which says: It is a familiar rule that the jurisdiction of a court, may not be deemed granted by mere implication, unless perhaps in instances when this is indubitably clear. Ly of the cases under this section shall be finished by the court not later than ninety 90 days from the date of the filing of the information. Tiro, 41 SCRAthe issue was whether or not a case of indirect bribery, a crime committed by a public officer included in Section-1 a of the Act, but punishable under Article of the Revised Penal Code with arresto mayor, suspension and public censure, penalties which are imposable by the city of municipal courts concurrently with the courts of first instance, may be considered as within the jurisdiction of the Circuit Criminal Courts.


Prudence should have counselled him, key as not to frustrate the petitioner Collector of Customs in enforcing the tariff and customs laws, against ordering the release of the seized articles without first ascertaining from the petitioner Collector of Customs whether the latter intended to institute or had instituted seizure proceedings.

But the power thus granted to the Manila City Fiscals and later to City Fiscals and City Attorneys of other chartered cities to conduct preliminary investigations did not and does not include the authority to issue warrants of arrest and search warrants, which warrants the courts alone can issue then as now. As far back asits importance was stressed in United States v.


It is well that it is so. Aggravating his grave mistake and misapprehension of the law, respondent Judge also directed through the same order the return of the articles allegedly seized from the person of respondent Makapugay. Now, is there anything in the conduct of preliminary investigations that makes 2703 more inherent or inseparable from the nk power “to try and decide” that necessarily, We must consider the same as included in said power or as something that must indispensably be added thereto, such that the authority therefor need not be spelled out in black and white?

To my mind, all these considerations were precisely what the Congress had in mind when it enacted the law creating the circuit criminal courts.

Accordingly, herein petitioners filed this petition. Thus should he attend to the performance of the sacred trust that is his.

Como ya he dicho, si mantuvieramos el precepto del proyecto de constitucion, esta disposicion de la Le General Num. As aforestated, aside from the challenged Sections 3 and 6 of Republic Act No. As enunciated ni the Armaga case in U.

As heretofore stated, it is an elementary precept in statutory construction that where the law does not distinguish, WE should not distinguish Colgate Palmolive Philippines, Inc. The load to be shouldered by a trial judge is heavy enough for him to attend nno matters which could be looked after by municipal judges.

It cites the Rules of Court as the source of such authority. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall not be violated, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined by the judge, or such other responsible officer as may be authorized by law, after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


The Supreme Court in denying such contention, held that there was no need of including justices of the peace in the enumeration in said section because the legislature had availed itself of the more generic term “judge. On March 2,this Court required respondents to answer the petition and issued a temporary restraining order “enjoining respondent Judge from.

Ley Nº 27759 – Modifica la Ley Nº 27037, Ley de promoción de la inversión en la Amazonía.

Arrest without a warrant can only be legally effected by a police officer or private individual a when the person to be arrested has committed, is actually committing or is about to commit an offense in his presence; b when an offense has in fact been committed, and he has reasonable ground to believe that the person to be arrested has committed it; and c when the person to be arrested is a prisoner who has escaped from a penal establishment or place where he is serving final judgment or temporarily confined while his case is pending, or has escaped while being transferred from one confinement to another Section 6, RuleRevised Rules of Court.

Circuit Criminal Judges, therefore, should not encumber themselves with attending to the preliminary examination and investigation of criminal complaints, which they should refer to the Provincial or City Fiscals, who, in turn can utilize the assistance of the state prosecutor for the same purpose.

The complaint was ultimately docketed and on the same day February 22,respondent Judge forthwith issued an order of the following tenor: In the cases at bar, it is admitted in the main opinion that because “the primary purpose of the creation of the Circuit Criminal Courts in addition to the existing Courts of First Instance, as above intimated, is to expedite the disposition of criminal cases involving serious offenses specified in Section 1 of Republic Act.

The National Assembly shall have the power to define, prescribe, and apportion the jurisdiction of the various courts, but may not deprive the Supreme Court of its jurisdiction over cases enumerated in Section five hereof.

It is not on that the crime of indirect bribery is essentially one committed by public officers. This portion of the questioned order is fraught with undesirable consequences. To repeat, such authority would seem to be implicit from the grant of general jurisdiction, and yet We always insist that it should be specifically conferred. Indeed, this provision which reads thus: L On November 2, ni, Jose Arellano, private respondent herein, filed with the Circuit Criminal Court at Pasig, Rizal, a complaint charging herein petitioner with estafa, allegedly committed under the circumstances provided for in paragraph 4 1 bArticle of the Revised Penal Code p.

On May 22,investigating Fiscal Teodoro B. And in Qua Chee Gan, Et.